7 Common Emergency Dental Problem


The very term ‘emergency’ should not scare you as this post would strive to keep you well prepared for coping with the worst of the situations. We often tend to neglect our oral health as it seems to be only a non-significant part of our overall physical health. But one would be heavily mistaken in considering things to be so. There are certain dental emergency situations that needs a special mention and you must be well equipped to face them.

The emergencies

1. Chipped Tooth: A chipped tooth is mostly the resultant of either a sports injury or biting down on something hard. As soon as you ave a chipped tooth, all you need to do is:

  • Collect all the pieces of the tooth that you can find and store them safe.
  • Take them with you to your dentist.
  • If you’re bleeding, place a piece of gauze on the affected area for at least 10 minutes or until the bleeding stops.
  • Applying a cold compress on the outer side of the cheek, lip or chin area (wherever the chipped tooth lies nearest) is hugely effective.

2. Knocked-Out Tooth: A knocked out tooth is usually the resultant of a trauma or a sports injury. Even in case of a knocked out tooth, the things to be done are more or less similar to that of way you have to deal with a chipped tooth.

  • First, pick it up by the crown (the exposed part of a tooth that remains above gum line.
  • It could be cleaned with plain water only. Scrubbing is not permissible as the attached tissue fragments could get removed!
  • You can try to put back the tooth into the socket from where it popped out, but don’t apply force!
  • If it cannot be reinserted, place the tooth in a glass of milk or a cup of water with a pinch of salt in it and take it to your dentist. The earlier you reach, better are the chances of your tooth getting saved!

3. Toothaches: In case of toothaches that may go from mild to acute, there are certain emergency steps to be taken on your part and they essentially are -

  • Rinse your mouth with warm water
  • Apply cold compress if there is an inflammation
  • Never place aspirin against the gums near the aching tooth. This could cause the soft tissue to burn!

4. When something gets caught Between Your Teeth: In such a case, use a floss to remove the stubborn particle from where it got suck. If you fail, do not attempt to do the job using a pin or a sharp object. They might prove to be dangerous especially for your gums because it is made up of those soft tissues!

5. Lost Dental Restorations: If a crown comes out loose, do the following:

  • Apply some clove oil to the area with a cotton swab
  • Place the crown back to its original place and for this you can use an over-the-counter available denture-adhesive, dental cement or simply a toothpaste until you reach your dentist’s chamber.
  • In case of a lost or worn out filling, as a temporary measure, a sugarless gum could be chewed and placed over the cavity site unless you arrive at your dental office. A sugar filled gum would cause more pain!

6. Abscess - Abscesses are infections that occur near the tooth roots or the space between the teeth and gums. Abscesses may seriously damage tissue and surrounding teeth, with the infection bearing the possibility of spreading to other parts of the body if left untreated.

7. Soft-tissue injuries - Soft tissues include tongue, cheeks, gums, and lips. Any sort of bleeding in these areas should be addressed immediately with one of the following measures:

  • Rinse mouth with mild salt-water solution
  • You may hold a tea bag or simply a wet gauze for about 20minutes in order to stop bleeding
  • Give a cold compress from outside (above the cheeks) to relieve bleeding and pain
  • See your dentist as soon as possible if the bleeding does not stop.

If you are well prepared or well aware of your to-dos in the event of the above mentioned emergencies, you are more or less prepared to tackle tough situations. If initial care does not alleviate the situation, a dental visit is always the best and safest step to be taken.


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